Victor Filepp Photography | Blog

Lightroom vs. Adobe Camera Raw

May 27, 2018  •  Leave a Comment


I recently attended a presentation by a photographer on the topic of taking great photos with your smartphone. Most non-photographers likely take more photos with smartphones than with cameras, so helping people do a better job of it is worthwhile. What struck me was his strong preference for editing photos in ACR (Adobe Camera Raw), rather than Lr (Lightroom). The editing capabilities of each are essentially the same. So here I’d like to offer a case for using Lr instead, bearing in mind that if you have invested in an Adobe “Photographers Package”, you already have Lr, Ps (Photoshop), and ACR.


Here goes:


  1. By avoiding Lr you sacrifice DAM (Digital Asset Management). Your image files are your digital assets. Lr creates a database of your files, remembers where they are, and lets you process them without changing the original file. This is the heart of non-destructive editing. All edits are stored in the Lr database, and in .xmp ‘sidecar’ files. To create image files, with your edits, you export them, this will make a new image file, your original remains untouched. And this barely scratches the surface.
  2. You don’t need to know where the files exist on your drive(s). I don’t recommend this, it’s best to keep everything in one master folder to make backup simpler. But you could have image files on several drives, internal, or external.
  3. Importing files into Lr is not really a difficult concept. Some disagree, but that is most likely because they already have a workflow that suits them and are comfortable setting up a directory structure. With Lr you don’t need to be concerned about doing that, it will set up the structure the way you specify, or it will default to saving things in one master folder organized by date.
  4. Lr lets you organize your files without moving them. You can find your photos based on keywords you assign, by date, camera, f-stop, focal length, pretty much anything. Don’t remember where last June's vacation pictures are? No problem, have Lr search for pictures taken last year in June, they’ll be there.
  5. Need to take an image into Ps for more extensive editing? You can ‘round trip' it from Lr, and make further edits after it’s back in Lr.
  6. To me Lr is easier to use than ACR, and you are not sacrificing quality. Lr uses the same algorithms as ACR. There are few things that can be done in ACR that Lr cannot do, but you'd be hard pressed to find one that matters, in normal operation.
  7. There is so much that Lr can do that ACR cannot, why wouldn’t you want to use it? If you have current versions of ACR and Ps you’re already paying for Lr.
  8. If I sound like a Lr fanboy, I’ll cop to it. Lr has it’s problems, all software does, unless you’re out on the bleeding edge, you probably won’t notice.

As a last thought: The presenter advocated shooting in RAW mode, which, if you are at all serious, you should be doing already. But you’ll probably be using a camera to do so, because unless you are using the very latest model smartphone, shooting RAW will not be an option.


Thanks for reading. If you found it interesting, feel free to share.

Two Current Exhibits

May 08, 2018  •  Leave a Comment

This past weekend was a busy, but happy, one. Friday evening Gallery One and Friends opened a show in the Guilford Art Center. I’m a friend. It was a very nice experience to exhibit outside my usual world. The show is open through Sunday May 20, with a closing reception from 2 to 4pm. It would be a great pleasure to see any of you there. The hours are 10am to 4pm each day, except Sundays are 12pm until 4pm. I will gallery sitting on Friday, the 18th, from 1 to 4pm.


Gallery One is an association of mid-career artists working in a wide variety of media and styles from representational to abstract, including painting, sculpture and works on paper. You can see more of their work on their website, and more of mine here.


On Sunday the Connecticut Valley Camera Club, where I am a member, opened our show at Congregation Beth Shalom Rodfe Zedek, in Chester. The exhibit is open until July 27. The building, itself, is a wonderful space. Sol LeWitt collaborated with architect Stephen Lloyd to design a synagogue for his congregation Beth Shalom Rodfe Zedek; he conceptualized the "airy" synagogue building, with its shallow dome supported by "exuberant wooden roof beams", an homage to the wooden synagogues of eastern Europe. I am particularly impressed with the care taken to make the space sound good. The open ceiling and acoustical treatment create traps and absorption that prevents the unwanted reverberation that would make it difficult to converse. This is a sadly overlooked design feature in most modern structures. So, you’ve got plenty of time to get there, and see the exhibit.

The Camera Calibration Section in Lightroom Classic Develop

February 06, 2018  •  Leave a Comment

Earlier today I saw this posted question in a group on FB:

"Hey everyone. New member, just getting back into photography after a long several year break. I'm trying to figure out how to select the appropriate camera profile in lightroom classic. Under the camera calibration section I select profile, but I don't have the profile for my camera. I checked in the application support folder and the profile exists, so I don't know what else to do. I'm looking for the nikon D3 profile."

It prompted this response that I thought others might be interested in. (I've edited the response to include further details and explanation.)

Sadly, I cannot answer the specific question regarding this person's specific camera, but it's worth looking at this section of the develop module.


Process Version

I've, frankly, not paid much attention to the Camera Calibration section in Lr, except to be sure I'm using the current Process Version. Lr defaults to the current Process Version, at the time of import. If you have images imported during the days of Process Version 3, e.g., your develop tools will be limited to what was available at that time. Change the Version to the latest and you'll be able to use the current set of develop tools. Do keep in mind that if you've already edited an image, and like the result, you may want to make a virtual copy to work on, as changing the Process Version will sometimes change the way the image looks.



Lr seems to default to Adobe Standard Profile, unless you have changed that in your import preset. I only recently became aware of the real differences available in the Profiles, so, I'm interpreting here. There is the default Adobe Standard, and all the profiles available from your camera. Caveat: I've also read that these profiles do not come directly from the camera, or even the manufacturer, but from 3rd party providers to Adobe. I can't confirm which is actually the case. But, in looking at the various profiles provided with the importation of images from different cameras, I do see a marked difference among some of them and the Adobe Standard Profile. It's someone's version of what the image would look like if you shot JPG and set your camera's Picture Style (Canon menu). The RAW image, of course, is just that, and changes are only applied once it enters Lr.

Here is a RAW image rendered in Adobe Standard:

Same RAW image rendered in Camera Landscape:

Camera Portrait:

Camera Standard:

And Camera Vivid:

The differences are subtle for the Canon choices. Other cameras offer other choices. A Fujifilm X-T2 will offer 14 Profile choices, including 8 monochrome versions.

And finally, if the Profile says "Embedded", you can't change it, it's baked in. That happens after the file has been edited outside of Lr and saved with a Profile, such as sRGB, AdobeRGB, etc.

The truth, as I see it, there is no "right" choice. You pick a Profile you like and use it as a starting point for your own editing. There's more than one way to get to where you want to be. This is just part of the journey, if you choose to use it.








"The f-Stops Here"

October 29, 2017  •  Leave a Comment

The f-Stops Here is Hygienic Art's 6th edition of the annual juried photograph show. The Hygienic is a hub for art in southeastern Connecticut. I'm pleased to have three works included in this show, that will run until November 18, 2017. For the first time the show was themed, it was 'Metamorphosis'. I would like to offer and briefly discuss one of the images:

I named it The Rising. The metamorphic aspect is that of ghosts, or souls, rising from their graves, to rise to heaven, to haunt, to be reborn, or just a Halloween jaunt.

The image itself is a composite showing an old cemetery, and a part of an image from the facade of The Cathedral of St. John the Divine, in New York City, there are so many really great things there to see. Of my three images in the show, this consumed the most time in post production, going through several iterations of coloring, and de-coloring, before arriving at a final monochrome.

You can see this, and my other two images from the f-Stops Here, in the Current & Recent Exhibitions gallery on the web page.

Happy Halloween

2Days, 2 Posts

January 12, 2017  •  Leave a Comment

OK, this is not likely to continue, though I really should post more often. I got more good news today.

Some months ago I had sent a PDF to Lenswork Publishing. If you follow photography, and especially black & white photography, you may have some familiarity with Lenswork Magazine. It's one of the premiere photographic publications. On their Lenswork Online service, members have opportunities to access various resources. One of the things they do is publish members' PDFs. If you're not familiar with PDFs, they are like E-Books. The idea is to put out the one's the publishers think are among the best submitted.

All that to let you know how gratified I am that ESP was just added. If you are not a Lenswork member, you can access the PDF at this link.